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The abbot seems to have held a market from very early times and charters for the holding of markets and fairs were granted by various sovereigns, from Edward I to George II.In 1337 there was a famous riot in protest at the Abbot's control of this market in which several of the monks were killed.Much of the original Abingdon branch line is now a cyclepath, whilst the land on which the station stood has been extensively redeveloped, and is now the site of a large Waitrose store and surrounded by a large number of new flats and houses.Abingdon became the county town of Berkshire sometime after receiving its Royal Charter in 1556.
The corporation was reformed, under the Municipal Reform Act 1835 and was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972.Stone axes from the same source have been found at Sutton Courtenay, Alvescot, Kencot Abingdon has been occupied from the early to middle Iron Age and the remains of a late Iron Age defensive enclosure (or oppidum) lies below the town centre.The oppidum was in use throughout the Roman occupation.Abingdon's brewery, Morland, whose most famous ale, Old Speckled Hen, was named after an early MG car, was taken over and closed down by Greene King Brewery in 1999, with production moving to Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk.
The site of the brewery has been redeveloped into housing. Historically the county town of Berkshire, since 1974 Abingdon has been administered by the Vale of White Horse district within Oxfordshire.